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Test Code ALDSR Aldosterone, Serum

Reporting Name

Aldosterone, S

Useful For

Investigation of primary aldosteronism (eg, adrenal adenoma/carcinoma and adrenal cortical hyperplasia) and secondary aldosteronism (renovascular disease, salt depletion, potassium loading, cardiac failure with ascites, pregnancy, Bartter syndrome)

Performing Laboratory

Mayo Clinic Laboratories in Rochester

Specimen Type

Serum


Specimen Required


Collection Container/Tube:

Preferred: Red top

Acceptable: Serum gel

Submission Container/Tube: Plastic vial

Specimen Volume: 1.2 mL

Collection Instructions: 8 a.m. collection time (after the patient is active for 2 hours) is recommended; preferably no later than 10 a.m.

Additional Information: See Renin-Aldosterone Studies in Special Instructions for more detailed instructions.


Specimen Minimum Volume

1.2 mL

Testing Algorithm

See Steroid Pathways in Special Instructions.

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Serum Refrigerated (preferred) 28 days
  Frozen  30 days
  Ambient  4 days

Reference Values

0-30 days: 17-154 ng/dL*

31 days-11 months: 6.5-86 ng/dL*

1-10 years:

≤40 ng/dL (supine)*

≤124 ng/dL (upright)*

≥11 years: ≤21 ng/dL (a.m. peripheral vein specimen)

 

*Loeuille GA, Racadot A, Vasseur P, Vandewalle B: Blood and urinary aldosterone levels in normal neonates, infants and children. Pediatrie 1981;36:335-344

 

For International System of Units (SI) conversion for Reference Values, see https://www.mayocliniclabs.com/order-tests/si-unit-conversion.html

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Monday through Friday; 4 p.m.

Test Classification

This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information

82088

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
ALDS Aldosterone, S 1763-2

 

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
8557 Aldosterone, S 1763-2

Clinical Reference

1. Young WF Jr: Primary aldosteronism: A common and curable form of hypertension. Cardiol Rev. 1999;7:207-214

2. Young WF Jr: Pheochromocytoma and primary aldosteronism: diagnostic approaches. Endocrinol Metab Clin North Am. 1997;26:801-827

3. Hurwitz S, Cohen RJ, Williams GH: Diurnal variation of aldosterone and plasma renin activity: timing relation to melatonin and cortisol and consistency after prolonged bed rest. J Appl Physiol. 2004;96:1406-1414

4. Inoue K, Goldwater D, Allison M, Seeman T, Kestenbaum BR, Watson KE: Serum aldosterone concentration, blood pressure, and coronary artery calcium: The Multi-Ethnic Study of Atherosclerosis. Hypertension. 2020;76(1):113-120. doi:10.1161/HYPERTENSIONAHA.120.15006

Method Description

Aldosterone-d6 is added to serum and plasma samples as an internal standard. Aldosterone and aldosterone-d6 are extracted from the specimens using a Strata X cartridge. The eluate is dried down under nitrogen, reconstituted with 70/30 methanol/H2O containing estriol and analyzed by liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry using multiple reaction monitoring in the negative mode.(Fredline VF, Taylor PJ, Dodds HM, Johnson AG: A reference method for the analysis of aldosterone in blood by high-performance liquid chromatography-atmospheric pressure chemical ionization-tandem mass spectrometry. Anal Biochem. 1997 Oct 15;252(2):308-313)

Analytic Time

2 days

Reject Due To

Gross hemolysis OK
Gross lipemia OK
Gross icterus OK

Method Name

Liquid Chromatography-Tandem Mass Spectrometry (LC-MS/MS)

Forms

If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send 1 of the following forms with the specimen:

-General Request (T239)

-Cardiovascular Test Request (T724)

Secondary ID

8557