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Test Code PARVP Parvovirus B19, Molecular Detection, PCR, Plasma

Reporting Name

Parvovirus B19 PCR, P

Useful For

Diagnosing parvovirus B19 infection in plasma specimens

Performing Laboratory

Mayo Clinic Laboratories in Rochester

Specimen Type

Plasma EDTA

Specimen Required

Supplies: Aliquot Tube, 5 mL (T465)

Collection Container/Tube: Lavender top (EDTA)

Submission Container/Tube: Aliquot Tube, 5 mL (T465)

Specimen Volume: 0.5 mL

Collection Instructions: Spin down and submit plasma in aliquot tube.

Specimen Minimum Volume

0.3 mL

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Plasma EDTA Refrigerated (preferred) 7 days
  Frozen  7 days

Reference Values

Not applicable

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Monday through Friday; Varies

Test Classification

This test was developed and its performance characteristics determined by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements. This test has not been cleared or approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration.

CPT Code Information


LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
PARVP Parvovirus B19 PCR, P 9571-1


Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
56075 Parvovirus B19 By Rapid PCR 9571-1
SS008 Source 31208-2

Clinical Reference

1. Heegaard ED, Brown KE: Human parvovirus B19. Clin Microbiol Ref 2002;15:485-505

2. Bultmann BD, Klingel K, Soltar K, et al: Fatal parvovirus B19 associated myocarditis clinically mimicking ischemic heart disease: an endothelial cell-mediated disease. Hum Pathol 2003;34:92-95

3. Rerolle JP, Helal I, Morelon E: Parvovirus B19 infection after renal transplantation. Nephrologie 2003;24:309-315

4. Chisaka H, Morita E, Yaegashi N: Parvovirus B19 and the pathogenesis of anaemia. Rev Med Virol 2003;16:347-359

Method Description

Viral DNA is extracted from 0.2 mL of specimen by the MagNA Pure automated instrument (Roche Applied Science). LightCycler PCR primers and probes detect target B19 DNA (nonstructural protein). The LightCycler instrument amplifies and monitors by fluorescence the development of target nucleic acid sequences after the annealing step during PCR cycling. This automated PCR system can rapidly detect (30-40 minutes) amplicon development through stringent air-controlled temperature cycling in capillary cuvettes. The detection of amplified products is based on the fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) principle. For FRET product detection, a hybridization probe with a donor fluorophore, fluorescein, on the 3' end is excited by an external light source and emits light that is absorbed by a second hybridization probe with an acceptor fluorophore, LC-Red 640, at the 5' end. The acceptor fluorophore then emits a light of a different wavelength that can be measured with a signal that is proportional to the amount of specific PCR product. Melting curve analysis is performed following PCR amplification. Starting at 45° C, the temperature in the thermal chamber is slowly raised to 80° C and the fluorescence is measured at frequent intervals. Analysis of the PCR amplification and the probe melting curves is accomplished through the use of LightCycler software.(Soares RM, Durigon El, Bersano JG, Richtzenhain LG: Detection of porcine parvovirus DNA by the polymerase chain reaction assay using primers to the highly conserved nonstructural protein gene, NS-1. J Virol Methods 1999;78:1-2;191-198)

Analytic Time

Same day/1 day

Reject Due To

Gross hemolysis Reject

Method Name

Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR)/DNA Probe Hybridization


If not ordering electronically, complete, print, and send a Microbiology Test Request (T244) with the specimen.