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Test Code PNUTE Peanut, IgE, Serum

Additional Codes

Epic: LAB592

Mayo: PEAN

Reporting Name

Peanut, IgE

Useful For

Establishing a diagnosis of an allergy to peanut

 

Defining the allergen responsible for eliciting signs and symptoms

 

Identifying allergens:

-Responsible for allergic disease and/or anaphylactic episode

-To confirm sensitization prior to beginning immunotherapy

-To investigate the specificity of allergic reactions to insect venom allergens, drugs, or chemical allergens

Performing Laboratory

Mayo Clinic Laboratories in Rochester

Specimen Type

Serum


Advisory Information


For a listing of allergens available for testing, see Allergens - Immunoglobulin E (IgE) Antibodies in Special Instructions



Specimen Required


Container/Tube:

Preferred: Red top

Acceptable: Serum gel

Specimen Volume: 0.5 mL for every 5 allergens requested


Specimen Minimum Volume

For 1 allergen: 0.3 mL
For more than 1 allergen: (0.05 mL x number of allergens) + 0.25 mL deadspace

Specimen Stability Information

Specimen Type Temperature Time Special Container
Serum Refrigerated (preferred) 14 days
  Frozen  90 days
  Ambient  7 days

Reference Values

Class

IgE kU/L

Interpretation

0

<0.10

Negative

0/1

0.10-0.34

Borderline/Equivocal

1

0.35-0.69

Equivocal

2

0.70-3.49

Positive

3

3.50-17.4

Positive

4

17.5-49.9

Strongly positive

5

50.0-99.9

Strongly positive

6

≥100

Strongly positive

Concentrations ≥0.70 kU/L (Class 2 and above) will flag as abnormally high.

Day(s) and Time(s) Performed

Monday through Friday; 9 a.m.-8 p.m.

Saturday; 8 a.m.-3 p.m.

Test Classification

This test has been cleared, approved or is exempt by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration and is used per manufacturer's instructions. Performance characteristics were verified by Mayo Clinic in a manner consistent with CLIA requirements.

CPT Code Information

86003

LOINC Code Information

Test ID Test Order Name Order LOINC Value
PEAN Peanut, IgE 6206-7

 

Result ID Test Result Name Result LOINC Value
PEAN Peanut, IgE 6206-7

Clinical Reference

1. Sicherer SH, Wood RA: Advances in diagnosing peanut allergy. J Allergy Clin Immunol Pract. 2013 Jan;1(1):1-13. doi: 10.1016/j.jaip.2012.10.004

2. Eller E, Bindslev-Jensen C: Clinical value of component-resolved diagnostics in peanut-allergic patients. Allergy. 2013 Feb;68(2):190-194. doi: 10.1111/all.12075

3. Homburger HA, Hamilton RG: Allergic diseases. In: McPherson RA, Pincus MR, eds. Henry's Clinical Diagnosis and Management by Laboratory Methods. 23rd ed. Elsevier; 2017:1057-1070

4. Klemans RJ, van Os-Medendorp H, Blankestijn M, Bruijzeel-Koomen CA, Knol EF, Knulst AC: Diagnostic accuracy of specific IgE to components in diagnosing peanut allergy: a systematic review. Clin Exp Allergy. 2015 Apr;45(4):720-730. doi: 10.1111/cea.12412

Method Description

Specific IgE from the patient's serum reacts with the allergen of interest, which is covalently coupled to an ImmunoCAP. After washing away nonspecific IgE, enzyme-labeled anti-IgE antibody is added to form a complex. After incubation, unbound anti-IgE is washed away and the bound complex is then incubated with a developing agent. After stopping the reaction, the fluorescence of the eluate is measured. Fluorescence is proportional to the amount of specific IgE present in the patient's sample (ie, the higher the fluorescence value, the more IgE antibody is present).(Package insert: ImmunoCAP System Specific IgE FEIA. Rev 06/2019)

Analytic Time

Same day/1 day

Reject Due To

Gross hemolysis OK
Gross lipemia OK
Gross icterus OK

Method Name

Fluorescence Enzyme Immunoassay (FEIA)